LITHUANIA UNDER THE RUSSIAN CZARS


After 1792, by the latest Polish partition, whole Lithuania is part of the Russian tsaristic empire. Besides Vilnius, about which on an other place separated has been talked, also Kaunas was an important town: capital of the government of Kaunas.
The largest part of Lithuania fell under the governments of Kaunas and Vilnius. A little piece fell under the government Kurland, which further included a great part of the present Latvia.

  • Numeral dot cancels

  • Biržai
  • Joniškis
  • Jurbarkas
  • Kaišiadorys
  • Kalvarija
  • Kaunas, also Kaunas: frankfree
  • Kavarskas
  • Kėdainiai
  • Kibartai
  • Linkuva
  • Marijampolė
  • Mažeikiai
  • Mercinė (money transfer)
  • Naumiestis
  • Pagelažiai
  • Palanga
  • Panevėžys
  • Pašvintys
  • Raseiniai
  • Rokiškis
  • Šakiai
  • Siauliai
  • Skuodas
  • Švenčionys
  • Tauragė
  • Telsiai
  • Tryskiai
  • Ukmergė
  • Vilkaviškis (also money transfer)
  • Žagarė


  • Vilnius (in a separate chapter, the former page)



  • NUMERAL DOT CANCELS

    After the introduction of stamps in Russia, number cancellations came in use.
    The numbers "1" and "2" were introduced as number-cancellations for St. Petersburg and Moscow in circular no. 138 of 26 february 1858. Circular no. 1847 of 31May 1858 introduced these kind of cancellations for whole Russia. The circular no. 157 of 17 august 1858 gives more details.
    The Russian Empire used the old Julian calender to February 1918 and when mentioning dates in association with this period-as above- I do also this. More about the calendar >>.

    a number (3 to 60) surrounded by points in the form of three concentric circles belongs to capitals of "guberniya", centers of districts, centers of militar districts, S.Petersburg and Moscow.

    #5 belongs to Wilno as a capital of Wilno gub.
    And #19 - to Kovno, as capital of Kovno gub


    Alongside you see the stamp with number "5", the number indicating Vilnius. The stamp is Mi. 2x (10. kop.)
    The number-cancellations were used a short period, 1857-1860, so we find them only on the first stamps of Russia (Mi. 1-7). For the backside also the old postmarks were still used. Postage stamps were used for mail to foreign countries not until 1864.

    Original print size of this image: 1,973 x 2,633 cm (is something more as the postal item)
    This picture and all pictures below on this page, if not mentioned otherwise: scanned about 300 dpi. Then set right and cut out - noted the actual print size-, resized 25 % of this image and saved as jpg. The image of the stamp above is not resized 25 %, but 50 %.
    With circular 123 of 11 December came the end for the numeral cancellations in most postoffices. Only railway and post stations and ROPIT offices used the triangular numeral cancellations until 2 June 1877.

    Number cancellation of Riga: see about Tsarist Latvia, my other side/site:
    http://latvia.jkaptein.nl
    A dotted cancellation in the form of a hexagonal, but with points vertical. Belongs to Rail Road Post Officies. ##12-17 are from S.Petersburg - Warsaw Rail Road Post Officies (branches).

    Border-post offices get a dotted cancel with the number within three ovals of points. Tauroggen "9" , in Lithuanian Tauragė, was the only in the Baltic states. This border-post office changed post with the post office in Tilsit in East-Prussia.

    Here the oval numeral cancel -number 9- of Tauragė.

    For comparison and to see the difference: on the right here the oval numeral cancel
    number 6: Odessa

    The image of the stamps above is not resized 25 %, but 50 %.

    For the district-postoffices, range under the governmentoffices, a second kind of these number-cancellations was used: a number in an rectangle of points.
    Belongs to "Uezd" towns (county? towns). #36-Vileika, #37-Disna, #38-Lida, #39-Osmiany, #40-Svenciany, #41-Troki (all Wilno gub.); #179-Vilkomir, #180-Novoaleksandrovsk, #181-Ponevez, #182-Rossieny, #183-Telszy, #184-Shavli and #185-Jurburg (all Kovno gub.). Part of these towns in Wilno gub. are not a part of original Lithuania. You can add #106- Volkovysk (Vilkaviskis) from Grodno gub.





    Under these came the ordinary post-offices: a number in a lying hexagon (with points horizontal). In Lithuania two post-offices: "21" Pakrazentis and "5" Druskininkai.
    Belongs to Post Officies in small towns. #5-Druskeniki (Grodno gub.), #21-Tsaritsino (Kovno gub.)

    The last kind: a number in triangular cancellation with truncated corner for the sub-post offices. In Lithuania numbers 20, 177-186, 695, 698, 820 and 846 and 1202. Belongs to Post Officies on "highways" and for Officies of ROPiT. #28-Solechniki, #30-Schuchin (all Wilno gub.);
    #177-Lukniki (after Nov.1862-Vorneny), #178-Meshkutsy, #179-Smilgi, #180-Sredniki, #181-Utsiany, #182-Shadov, #183-Shensilskaia, #184-Sheislivy (till Aug.1862), #185-Janiski, #186-Janovo (all Kovno gub.).
    Later given numbers: #695-Keidany, #698-Nemokshtany, #820-Siady, #846-Skudy, #1425-Pogeloza (all Kovno gub.); #1201-Seiny, #1202-Serei (Suvalki gub.); 1330-Landvarovo, #1444-Glubokoie (Wilno gub.)

    See here below: Pagelažiai

    Number cancellation of Riga-station: see about Tsarist Latvia, my other side/site:
    http://latvia.jkaptein.nl

    With circular 123 of 11 December came the end for the numeral cancellations in most postoffices. Only railway and post stations and ROPIT offices used the triangular numeral cancellations until 2 June 1877.

    A list of the Russian numeral cancels is published in orders of the Postal Department 147 of 31 May 1858 and 157 of 17 August 1858.





    Original print size of this image: 18,974 x 12,743 cm (is something more as the postal item)

    Joniškis is the Lithuanian name for ЯНИШКИ (Janiški) in the government КОВНО (Kovno, in Lithuanian Kaunas).
    The cover is sent 7-7-1910, registered, to ШАВЛИ (ŠAVLI)., the Lithuanian Šiauliai.


    The postmark and registering label (resized 50 %)


    From 1900 for internal mail are used labels with Cyrillic З, short for ЗАКАЗНАЯ, registered.
    The postage stamps: together 14 kopecks, the rate in for a registered inland letter in 1910. About rates in this time: see the site
    www.sijtzereurich.com/ postal_rates_Lithuania1.html. In the tabel on this site was for registered inland letter the rate 14 kopecks between March 15, 1909 and October 9, 1913.

    Here below is showed a detail of the map, not resized, 'Russische Ostsee-Provinzen' from from the encyclopedia 'Meyers Konversations-Lexicon', 6e Aufl., 1905-1909.
    Joniškis, here Janischki, near on the border of government Kowno.
    Something westward the railway-junction Mosheiki (Mažeikiai in Lithuanian) is located.








    The arrival-postmark on the backside (resized 50%) is the postmark of ШАВЛИ (ŠAVLI). The Lithuanian name is Šiauliai.